Unlike other forms of diets, this diet contains fats and its proper combination ratio with carbohydrates and proteins.
Typically keto meals consist of 70-75% fats, 5-10% carbohydrates, 10-20% proteins.
The basic energy extraction of the body is through carbohydrates. And a human body utilizes glucose from them as the main source of energy. Keto replaces it with good fat.
Fats are stored for future purposes (a state of physical shock or cases as such) and proteins for maintaining body muscle growth.
Keto meals make your body utilize that fat instead of other nutrients.
What happens when your body goes through Ketosis?
Ketosis happens when your food intake is low. This triggers the liver to break down the stored fats.
Contrary to a Carb diet where the body produces glucose and insulin, opting for keto meals makes your body undergo a metabolic change.
When this happens the fat burns up and your body produces molecules called ketones, which make up for the energy loss.
Ketosis is a natural metabolic phenomenon that happens during our sleep too (because of no access to food or water).
Ketogenesis (the entire metabolic process of ketosis )leads to the the production of ketones- mainly ‘Acetoacetate’ and ‘BHB’.
These two are mainly responsible to fuel your body, in case you run low on your calories.
It makes your body consume the stored fats through beta oxidation, proving as a great metabolic alternative pathway.
What are the different types of Ketogenic diets?
Keto meals are designed to lose weight and fight many diseases (particularly epilepsy and neurological problems). They can assist in your bodybuilding goals too.
Depending on the permutation and combination of the trio- fats, carbs and proteins, the types of keto diets are-
- Keto with High protein: With 60% fat, 5% carbs and 30% proteins, this diet is similar to standard keto diet.
- Standard Keto Diet: Fat ratio is 75%, proteins 20% with 5% of carbs constitute this diet.
- Targeted Keto diet: This diet is consumed when you are about to go for a workout. It allows re-synthesis of glycogen without interrupting ketosis (for long time period).
- Cyclical Keto diet: It includes one to two heavy carb days preceded by high fat days. This forms an important diet for people who are athletes or who are into contests and so on.
Is paleo diet the same as Keto?
Our ancestors had to go through frequent hardships regarding food. Often they would go through ketosis and in other seasons, ample food made having macronutrients possible.
A paleo diet is similar to a ketonic diet, but with some differences.
In a ketonic diet, you take care of the ratios of the macronutrients and consume it accordingly. Whereas, in a paleo diet you don’t have to focus on any such requirements and ratio.
A proper food combination, eliminating processed foods, grains, dairy products and you get your omega 3 fatty acids (such as EPA & DHA) and essential nutrients judiciously.